Figure 1-4: Core Elements of an Enterprise Architecture Approach. A gap may be associated with any number of core elements. There are many challenges in comparing EAFs. In terms of defining a common language, two elements of TOGAF are important. Develop an EIM strategy and use it for your application and integration programs. University of California at Berkeley, Center for Research in Management, Consortium on Competitiveness and Cooperation (1990), Duhan, S., Levy, M., Powell, P.: IS Strategy in SMEs Using Organizational Capabilities: the CPX Framework. A core competence is a key skill that gives a firm a competitive advantage. The first basic element is “Governance” which identifies the planning, decision-making, and oversight processes and groups that will determine how the enterprise architecture is developed and maintained – as part of an enterprise’s overall governance. The Open Group. Enterprise Architecture In The Strategic Planning Lifecycle. We follow Janssen and Verbraeck (2005) and define enterprise architecture as the coordination of subsystems at various levels of abstractions for the purpose of developing the NGI. Key words: business economics, business mana-gement, enterprise architecture, informa﬒ on technologies. Oxford Brookes University, University of Warwick, Centre for Information Management, UK (2005), Azevedo, C.L.B., et al. Syst. Figure 1-7 provides an example of how an EA repository might be designed. Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisboa (2010), Teoh, S.Y., Shun, C.: Innovative Capability Development Process: a Singapore IT Healthcare Case Study. : Guidelines for performing systematic literature reviews in software engineering. Enterprise business capabilities are a foundational construct in business architecture and are a decomposition of what a company does and can do. In addition, enterprise architects have an important role to play in the … Helflat, C.E., Peteraf, M.A. This can be accomplished through the establishment of an on-line EA repository to archive the documentation of EA components in the various areas of the EA framework. The second basic element is “Framework” which identifies the scope of the overall architecture and the type and relationship of the various sub-architecture levels, threads and other viewpoints. The core diagram facilitates the envisioning process for how the new venture will be able to exploit the enterprise architecture to deliver on the business model innovation. Executive management can use the core diagram produced by the enterprise architects as a means to build shared vision with the intrapreneurs for how the venture will operate. Strategy elements are used to model the strategic direction and choices of the enterprise, whereas Business Layer elements (Chapter 8) are used to model the operational organization of an enterprise. EBA is a modeling tool for structuring related business elements and linking them to other architectural elements (information, application, technology, security) in the enterprise. ISBN: 978-951-39-3108-7, Wißotzki, M., Sonnenberger, A.: Adoption of EAM in small and medium enterprises. EBSE Technical report, University of Durham (2007). University College Cork, Ireland (2013), Butler, T., Murphy, C.: Integrating Dynamic Capability and Commitment Theory for Research on IT Capabilities and Resources. We will list several of them. A work package realizes requirements indirectly through the realization of core elements (e.g., an application component, business process, or service). In … The VA EA provides the enterprise-level line-of-sight needed to support informed decision-making. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, BIR 2015: Perspectives in Business Informatics Research Take existing architectures and pull common elements into a repository. Enterprise Master Data Management: An SOA Approach to Managing Core Information explains key concepts of MDM, the business value of MDM, and how to architect an Enterprise Master Data Management Solution. Digital Enterprise Architecture: Four Elements Critical to Solution Envisioning Today’s digital organization demands an enterprise architecture that is guided by its intended business outcome and which can inform strategy embracing a multidimensional approach covering digitization, data management, analytics, AI and automation. Top managers need to decide which competences are key to the success of the business so that they may … Enterprise architecture is the process by which organizations standardize and organize IT infrastructure to aligns with business goals. In this section, we will review some of the architectural concepts and elements which are related and often utilized when implementing microservices-based architecture. Enterprise architecture is a description of an enterprise from an integrated business and IT perspective intended to bridge the communication gap between business and … Organizational Design The visual model produced by the process is the Core Diagram that includes all the elements of an enterprise architecture that can be exploited as a robust foundation for execution. Developing and implementing an EEA blueprint—to integrate where The Core Diagram becomes an essential reference for executive management when developing new business strategies and business model innovation ventures. EA is used to develop a comprehensive description of all of the key elements and relationships of an organization and its Vincent, L.: Differentiating competence, capability and capacity. This presentation provides companies a good understanding of Enterprise Architecture (EA), its core components and elements to maturity. : The dynamic resource‐based view: capability lifecycles. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2001), Niemi, E.: Enterprise architecture benefits: perceptions from literature and practice. The EA3 Cube approach is an example of a complete approach to EA. Figure 1-4: Core Elements of an Enterprise Architecture Approach. Not affiliated Next Steps Transforming an organization’s core systems is not an easy undertaking, yet a considered, thoughtful approach can mitigate the risks and help an organization take a significant step toward achieving its long term vision. EA Core Element #3: Implementation Methodology. The envisioned enterprise creates the alignment of strategic direction, business operations, technology, and data and is methodically designed, aggregated, and managed to deliver the right information to the right place at the right time. Springer, Heidelberg (2012). 1. The enterprise business capabilities are an abstraction of the underlying process, function, information, and system, but the capabilities themselves are distinct and different than the underlying elements. The 59 core elements are collectively the EA practices, structures, activities, and conditions that, when properly employed based on the unique facts and circumstances of each organization and the stated purpose of its EA program, can permit that organization to progress to increasingly higher states of EA management maturity and thereby maximize its chances of realizing … List and describe the core elements of an Enterprise Architecture approach from IST 301 at Pennsylvania State University : A study on the strategic alignment process with information technology for new ventures from a dynamic capability perspective. The main contributions of the paper are (a) an analysis and discussion of the literature on capabilities in EAM, (b) a conceptualization of EAM capability identifying the core elements and characteristics, and (c) the results of expert interviews for validating this conceptualization. If you have existing architectures for projects or lines of business, and you want to create an enterprise architecture, the easiest approach is to populate your EA from the bottom up. This core is defined by the Architecture Development Method (ADM). PoEM 2012. pp 82-96 | Cite as. A deliverable may realize core elements within an architecture. The sixth basic element is “Associated Best Practices” which are proven ways to implement parts of the overall architecture or sub-architectures, in context of meta EA. An artifact is a deliverable. Methodology • A conceptual architecture that provides a long-term view of all the components required in a complete SaaS implementation. Digital Enterprise Architecture: Four Elements Critical to Solution Envisioning Today’s digital organization demands an enterprise architecture that is guided by its intended business outcome and which can inform strategy embracing a multidimensional approach covering digitization, data management, analytics, AI and automation. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. In: 2013 17th IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference (EDOC), IEEE (2013), © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015, Perspectives in Business Informatics Research, International Conference on Business Informatics Research, http://pubs.opengroup.org/architecture/togaf9-doc/arch/chap32.html, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21915-8_6, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Enterprise architecture (EA) is the practice of conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation using a holistic approach for the successful development and execution of strategy. Enterprise architecture (EA) is a management tool that provides means for aligning information systems with organisation’s mission, goals and objectives. June 2008, Butler, T., Murphy, C.: Unpacking Dynamic Capabilities in the Small- to-Medium Software Enterprise: Process, Assets, and History. The Architecture Content Framework defines the set of key artifacts produced to support an architecture, and the Technical Reference Model (TRM) provides a model and taxonomy of generic platform services. The enterprise business capabilities are an abstraction of the underlying process, function, information, and system, but the capabilities themselves are distinct and different than the underlying elements. planning and implementing enterprise analysis to successfully execute on business strategies The third basic element is “Methodology” which are specific steps to establish and maintain an EA program, via the selected approach. Not all frameworks allow for segments or integration of strategy, business, technology, but EA3 does. Enterprise architecture (EA) is "a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. There are other, more elaborate methods on the market. Enterprise Architecture Planning is a data-centric approach to architecture planning. Not logged in 158, pp. EA encompasses IT services, processes, and infrastructure even considering multiple systems and multiple functional groups. From enterprise architecture to IT governance: elements of effective IT management. Principles are the foundation of your Enterprise Architecture — the enduring rules and guidelines of your architecture. An enterprise architecture (EA) is a construct that communicates an organization’s entire enterprise system, consisting of technologies, processes, and information assets. There are 4 key elements that companies must fully understand to master EA maturity. TOGAF® Version 9.1 (2014). Introduction to enterprise architecture. 134, pp. Studies have demonstrated a correlation between increased shareholder value and well-governed enterprises. create the elements that comprise the SaaS architecture, including: • A use-case model based on a typical scenario that requires back-end data exchange between Intel and the SaaS provider. Core Competencies for Enterprise Analysis. Some of the frameworks have a very specific scope and therefore are applicable to those applications. The Enterprise Architecture approach will if applied to enterprise assist the decision makers with creating and enforcing policies. Diese Themen bieten Anhaltspunkte für die Planung von Enterprise-Ressourcen. business, data, application, technology) and showing inter-dependencies. Governance. The following chapters of this section will describe why EA is valuable to many types of enterprises, what the risks of doing EA are, and how to ensure that EA is driven by strategic goals and business requirements. Verb -- Creating an enterprise-wide architecture is accomplished through a standardized process that is sustained through an ongoing management program. Kitchenham, B.A. : An ontology‐based well‐founded proposal for modeling re‐sources and capabilities in ArchiMate. In the case of Enterprise Architecture, these models describe the logical business functions or capabilities, business processes, human roles and actors, the physical organization structure, data flows and data stores, business applications and platform applications, hardware, and … The Core Diagram enhances strategic thinking for … core elements. In: Innovating Perspectives 16, Nr. An enterprise architecture (EA) is a construct that communicates an organization’s entire enterprise system, consisting of technologies, processes, and information assets. EA Governance aims at supporting integrated governance, an integrated group of management policies and processes that form an overall governance structure as is shown in the figure above. Enterprise architecture (EA) governance is a practice encompassing the fundamental aspects of managing a business. In this chapter, we will focus on the following topics: Strategic Alignment 2. The fourth basic element is “Artifacts” which identifies the types and methods of documentation to be used in each sub-architecture area, including strategic analyses, business plans, internal controls, security controls, and models of workflow, databases, systems, and networks. Scott, J., Cullen, A., An, M.: Business capabilities provide the rosetta stone for business-IT alignment: capability maps are a foundation for BA (2009). International Enterprise Architecture Institute. They send an important message to your stakeholders — that EA recommendations are not arbitrary. Deciding what core competences a company needs to focus on is something that happens at the enterprise level of strategy. The common element is that enterprise architecture refers to a set of interdependent elements described at a certain level of abstraction and the blueprint describes the relationships among the elements. (eds.) Chapter 12 provides additional details on the design and function of an EA repository. Enterprise Architecture (EA) has been instrumental in that journey, and in this article, we provide some valuable lessons that we have learned on our journey to build an Enterprise Architecture Management (EAM) function to support our digital transformation, and how we used EAM to become and remain relevant during digital disruption. The Common Approach to Federal Enterprise Architecture accelerates Agency business transformation and new technology enablement by providing standardization, design principles, scalability, an enterprise roadmap, and a repeatable architecture project method that is more agile and useful and will produce more authoritative information for intra- and inter-Agency planning, decision-making, and management. Enterprise business capabilities are a foundational construct in business architecture and are a decomposition of what a company does and can do. List and describe the core elements of an Enterprise Architecture approach from IST 301 at Pennsylvania State University A location may be assigned to work packages and deliverables. The common element is that enterprise architecture refers to a set of interdependent elements described at a certain level of abstraction and the blueprint describes the relationships among the elements. Enterprise Architect, Intel IT Sudip Chahal Principal Engineer, Intel IT Executive Overview As part of our cloud computing strategy, Intel IT has been opportunistically taking advantage of external offerings of software as a service (SaaS) applications. Strateg. LNBIP, vol. Enterprise Architecture = Strategy + Business + Technology EA is both a noun and a verb. Teece, D.J., Pisano, G., Shuen, A.: Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. LNBIP, vol. National Chiao Tung University, National Yulin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan (2006). It provides various perspectives from a technology and business standpoint, allowing organizations to take a disciplined approach for managing those systems. Eng. EA is an improved approach that looks at systems holistically as well as provides a strategy and business context. EA is often seen as bringing an ‘ivory tower’ perspective in the adoption of new ideas. A “complete” EA approach must include six core elements, which must be designed to work together. Here’s how to get started. Top managers need to decide which competences are key to the success of the business so that they may … Systems-level planning is not sufficient for the management and planning of technology and other resources in enterprises with significant size and complexity. Performance Management 4. Enterprise Master Data Management: An SOA Approach to Managing Core Information explains key concepts of MDM, the business value of MDM, and how to architect an Enterprise Master Data Management Solution. In: Sandkuhl, K., Seigerroth, U., Stirna, J. Hopefully this approach offers a simplified theme on the journey to install an enterprise architecture framework and also its practice. Enterprise Architecture? 213.32.100.69. Enterprise Architecture (EA) is not just an approach to fix a single problem — it helps develop an entire ecosystem to run the business smoothly. The book is a comprehensive guide to archi-tecting a Master Data Management Solution that includes a reference architecture, solution Enterprise architecture management (EAM) is a structured approach that an enterprise uses for creating, managing, and using enterprise architecture to align business and IT. We follow Janssen and Verbraeck (2005) and define enterprise architecture as the coordination of subsystems at various levels of abstractions for the purpose of developing the NGI. EA Core Element #5: Architecture Repository. Organizational Design This is a preview of subscription content, Gunasekaran, A.: Agile Manufacturing: The 21st Century Competitive Strategy: The 21st Century Competitive Strategy. The first core element is “Governance” which identifies the planning, decision-making, and oversight processes and groups that will determine how the EA is developed and maintained, accomplished as part of an organization’s overall governance. Organizing the elements that … Two of the key elements of any enterprise architecture framework are: A definition of the deliverables that the architecting activity should produce A description of the method by which this should be done Governance. Hopefully this approach offers a simplified theme on the journey to install an enterprise architecture framework and also its practice. Examples of core competences can include production, design or any other firm capability. A Complete Approach to Enterprise Architecture. This presentation provides companies a good understanding of Enterprise Architecture (EA), its core components and elements to maturity. BIR 2013. Structured approach to gaining business insight and increase the relevance of IT. elements of the enterprise architecture. Evaluation of enterprise and software architectures: critical issues, metrics and practices. 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