[2] It is used in both savory and sweet dishes, though in many countries not for both. ", Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "Gil Henry dies at 88; revolutionized avocado industry; Henry pioneered the use of a 'ripening room' at his family's Escondido farm. It is used as the base for the Mexican dip known as guacamole,[2] as well as a spread on corn tortillas or toast, served with spices. [31] Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. [50] Peru has now become the largest supplier of avocados imported to the European Union and the second largest supplier to Asia and the United States. In addition, due to environmental circumstances during some years, seedless avocados may appear on the trees. The Spaniards shortened this word to guacamole, the popular chip dip enjoyed throughout the Americas today. Disease can affect all parts of the plant, causing spotting, rotting, cankers, pitting, and discoloration. What made you want to look up avocado? In Chile, it is used as a puree-like sauce with chicken, hamburgers, and hot dogs; and in slices for celery or lettuce salads. Like the banana, the avocado is a climacteric fruit, which matures on the tree, but ripens off the tree. Synonyms for avocado include alligator pear, avocado pear, butter pear, midshipman's butter, olive green, bottle green, green, jade, khaki and lime. [8] The avocado fruit is a climacteric,[9] single-seeded berry, due to the imperceptible endocarp covering the seed,[5][10] rather than a drupe. (Thanks to Rob Towart for steering us to today's rich, creamy, and laughably mysterious Good Word. Modern breeding programs tend to use isolation plots where the chances of cross-pollination are reduced. English Language Learners Definition of avocado : a fruit with rough dark green or purple skin, smooth light green flesh, and a large seed in the middle See the full definition for avocado in the English Language Learners Dictionary [12], The native, undomesticated variety is known as a criollo, and is small, with dark black skin, and contains a large seed. 4528 (1982): 19-27. [6] In 2017, Mexico produced 34% of the world supply of avocados. Avocados also contain phytosterols and carotenoids, such as lutein and zeaxanthin.[73]. The word “guacamole” also derives from a Nahautl Indian word, namely “ahuacamolli”, which is compounded from “ ahuácatl ” and “molli”, the latter word meaning “sauce” or “soup”… testicle sauce? avocado n as adj noun as adjective: Describes another noun--for example, "boat race," "dogfood." Certain cultivars, such as the 'Hass', have a tendency to bear well only in alternate years. All Free. The US government resisted, claiming the trade would introduce Tephritidae fruit flies that would destroy California's crops. Find more words! The earliest known written use in English is attested from 1697 as "avogato pear", a term which was later corrupted as "alligator pear". The trees also need well-aerated soils, ideally more than 1 m deep. In Morocco, a similar chilled avocado and milk drink is sweetened with confectioner's sugar and flavored with a touch of orange flower water. [40] The pyriform scale insect (Protopulvinaria pyriformis) is known from Australia, South Africa, Israel, Italy, France, Spain, Cuba, Florida,[41] and Peru. Translation for 'avocado' in the free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations. The avocado is unusual in that the timing of the male and female flower phases differs among cultivars. [75], The avocado tree can be grown domestically and used as a decorative houseplant. In Peru, they are consumed with tequeños as mayonnaise, served as a side dish with parrillas, used in salads and sandwiches, or as a whole dish when filled with tuna, shrimp, or chicken. [2] Avocados are also a good source of vitamins B, E, and C, copper and fiber; their potassium content is higher than bananas. In Portuguese, it is abacate. Cook, Robert E. "Attractions of the flesh." In Mexico and Central America, avocados are served mixed with white rice, in soups, salads, or on the side of chicken and meat. In fact, there was a surge in demand causing prices to rise as well.[63]. Avocados have been known to grow large, so owners must be ready to re-pot the plant several times. [13] A water jar shaped like an avocado, dating to AD 900, was discovered in the pre-Incan city of Chan Chan. British English: avocado / ˌævəˈkɑːdəʊ / NOUN An avocado is a fruit in the shape of a pear with a dark green skin and a large stone inside it. Natural History New York, NY 91, no. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Clonal rootstocks are selected for tolerance of specific soil and disease conditions, such as poor soil aeration or resistance to the soil-borne disease (root rot) caused by Phytophthora. Panicles of flowers with deciduous bracts arise from new growth or the axils of leaves. [86][87] Most large fleshy fruits serve the function of seed dispersal, accomplished by their consumption by large animals. When even a mild frost occurs, premature fruit drop may occur, although the 'Hass' cultivar can tolerate temperatures down to −1 °C. B varieties open as female on the afternoon of the first day, close in late afternoon and reopen as male the following morning. Avocados have diverse fats. [15] The three separate landraces were most likely to have already intermingled[a] in pre-Columbian America and were described in the Florentine Codex. The plant normally grows large enough to be prunable; it does not bear fruit unless it has ample sunlight. Certain cultivars of avocado seem more susceptible to attack by the scale than others. “Avocado.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/avocado. avocado translations: aguacate, aguacate. O’Brien, Christopher, Jayeni CA Hiti-Bandaralage, Alice Hayward, and Neena Mitter. How to say avocado. The 'Hass' avocado, black and green and creamy", "Ripe and ready: how 'evil geniuses' got us hooked on avocados", "Livestock - Poisoning Plants of California, Publication 8398", "Hass avocado composition and potential health effects", "Avocados, raw, all commercial varieties, per 100 grams", "Avocados: History of an unlikely healthy food craze", https://www.garden.eco/avocado-houseplant, "Avocado - allergy information (InformAll: Communicating about Food Allergies - University of Manchester)", "Preliminary Report on Toxicity of Avocado Leaves", Definitive illustrated list of avocado varieties, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avocado&oldid=992996447, Cuisine of the Southwestern United States, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2018, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited Australian English-language text, Articles needing additional references from August 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A cultivars: 'Hass', 'Gwen', 'Lamb Hass', 'Pinkerton', 'Reed', B cultivars: 'Fuerte', 'Sharwil', 'Zutano', 'Bacon', 'Ettinger', 'Sir Prize', 'Walter Hole', About 75% of an avocado's energy comes from fat, most of which (67% of total fat) is, Typical total fat composition is roughly: 1%, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 06:23. A biologist calls it persea americana, but avocado derives from the Nahuatl word ahuacatl, which also refers to a certain part of the male anatomy that the fruit somewhat resembles. Avocados are also used to make salads. Translate Avocado. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'avocado.' Avocado can be combined with eggs (in scrambled eggs, tortillas, or omelettes), and is a key ingredient in California rolls and other makizushi ("maki", or rolled sushi). 30, 2017 You'll never look at an avocado the same way again. The fruit is sometimes called an avocado pear or alligator pear (due to its shape and the rough green skin of some cultivars). Science 215, no. The avocado fruit is poisonous to some birds, and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) lists it as toxic to horses. The scion cultivar grows for another 6–12 months before the tree is ready to be sold. Chocolate syrup is sometimes added. A biologist calls it persea americana, but avocado derives from the Nahuatl word ahuacatl, which also refers to a certain part of the male anatomy that the fruit somewhat resembles. Generally, avocado is served raw, though some cultivars, including the common 'Hass', can be cooked for a short time without becoming bitter. It is known as "butter fruit" in parts of India.[29]. During the coronavirus pandemic, Mexican avocado farmers slowed harvesting thinking that consumption would drop. Declension Avocado is a feminine noun. Avocado Total Number of words made out of Avocado = 16 Avocado is an acceptable word in Scrabble with 13 points.Avocado is an accepted word in Word with Friends having 15 points. In the latter method, the pit sprouts in four to six weeks, at which time it is planted in standard houseplant potting soil. The US government continued to resist, but agreed after the Mexican government started erecting barriers to US corn. After about a year of growing in a greenhouse, the young rootstocks are ready to be grafted. Remember that, in German, both the spelling of the word and the article preceding the word can change depending on whether it is in the nominative, accusative, genitive, or dative case. The subtropical species needs a climate without frost and with little wind. The pit is placed in a jar or vase containing tepid water. [79], Avocado leaves, bark, skin, or pit are documented to be harmful to animals; cats, dogs, cattle, goats, rabbits,[80] rats, guinea pigs, birds, fish, and horses[47][81] can be severely harmed or even killed when they consume them. Avocados must be mature to ripen properly. The Chilean version of Caesar salad contains large slices of mature avocado. Declension Avocado is a feminine noun. In Ghana, they are often eaten alone on sliced bread as a sandwich. [14] The first written record in English of the use of the word 'avocado' was by Hans Sloane, who coined the term,[14] in a 1696 index of Jamaican plants. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? The three-in-one gadget covers all the essential tasks when prepping an, Creamy, nutty, crunchy, floral — that’s a lot to pack into half an, The cocktail menu, curated by Messenberg, will feature an, Post the Definition of avocado to Facebook, Share the Definition of avocado on Twitter. 305-328. That is the case for programs at the University of California, Riverside, as well as the Volcani Centre and the Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias in Chile. [69], In addition to the fruit, the leaves of Mexican avocados (Persea americana var. [46][47] Fallbrook, California, claims, without official recognition, the title of "Avocado Capital of the World" (also claimed by the town of Uruapan in Mexico[48]), and both Fallbrook and Carpinteria, California, host annual avocado festivals. Most cultivars are propagated by grafting, having originated from random seedling plants or minor mutations derived from cultivars. To see the definitions and how many points are they worth, Merriam-Webster, https //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/avocado. The way Spaniards shortened this word to guacamole, the avocado is unusual in that timing! In the afternoon of the word “ avocado ” is About to Make You Uncomfortable. Mild temperatures all year grafting to maintain predictable fruit quality climate without frost and with little wind fruit. To be the worst insect pest of the first day, close in late and... 87 ] Most large fleshy fruits serve the function of seed dispersal, accomplished by their consumption by large.... 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